The basic formula for determining the wire length of a center
fed, 1/2 wave wire dipole or inverted Vee antenna (30 mhz
or less) is 468/freq-in-Mhz for feet and inches or 143/freq-in-Mhz for meters .
The inverted Vee antenna legs will be longer by 2 - 6% from those of the
horizontal antenna depending on the angle. This calculator assumes an apex
angle of 90 degrees or 45 degrees from hoizontal for each leg and uses an increase of 5%.
For angles greater then 90 degrees the legs will have less of an increase in length.
The minimum height of the antenna should be 1/2 wave length
and for the inverted V antenna, add the height of end points above ground
for the minmum height of the antenna feed point.
Remember that location, height, obstructions, wire type, wire
coating, etc will effect the calculated lengths. Always
cut your wire a little longer and then trim for your
A horizontal 1/2 wave length dipoles will have a feed point of about 73 ohms
while the inverted vee antennas have a feed point of about 52 ohm's.
Both can be used with or without a 1:1 balun although the use of a
1:1 balun will change the feed point of the unbalanced coax to a balanced antenna load
there by reducing the chance of radiation from the feed line.
NOTE: The previous Calculator used here and most other
Calculators found show the inverted V antenna
legs as being shorter by 2 - 5% based on the angle when really they should be
longer by 2 - 6%.
When the legs of a horizontal dipole antenna are sloped, the resonant frequency
of the antenna is increased, therefore to bring the antenna back to the same
lower resonant frequency the legs must be increased in length.
This error seems to have come from the ARRL Hand Books that all show this error
from the 50's through the 90's. Not sure when it was corrected but the 2003
book now shows it correctly.