The basic formula for determining the wire length of a center fed, 1/2 wave wire dipole or inverted Vee antenna (30 mhz or less) is 468/freq-in-Mhz for feet and inches or 143/freq-in-Mhz for meters .

The inverted Vee antenna legs will be longer by 2 - 6% from those of the horizontal antenna depending on the angle. This calculator assumes an apex angle of 90 degrees or 45 degrees from hoizontal for each leg and uses an increase of 5%. For angles greater then 90 degrees the legs will have less of an increase in length.

The minimum height of the antenna should be 1/2 wave length and for the inverted V antenna, add the height of end points above ground for the minmum height of the antenna feed point.

Remember that location, height, obstructions, wire type, wire coating, etc will effect the calculated lengths. Always cut your wire a little longer and then trim for your installation.

A horizontal 1/2 wave length dipoles will have a feed point of about 73 ohms while the inverted vee antennas have a feed point of about 52 ohm's. Both can be used with or without a 1:1 balun although the use of a 1:1 balun will change the feed point of the unbalanced coax to a balanced antenna load there by reducing the chance of radiation from the feed line.

**NOTE:** The previous Calculator used here and most other
Calculators found show the inverted V antenna
legs as being shorter by 2 - 5% based on the angle when really they should be
longer by 2 - 6%.
When the legs of a horizontal dipole antenna are sloped, the resonant frequency
of the antenna is increased, therefore to bring the antenna back to the same
lower resonant frequency the legs must be increased in length.
This error seems to have come from the ARRL Hand Books that all show this error
from the 50's through the 90's. Not sure when it was corrected but the 2003
book now shows it correctly.

This **calculator**
is designed to
give the vertical length (height) of a particular antenna, for the frequency and
wavelength chosen. This does NOT take into consideration the type or size of horizontal
reflectors, of even if there is a need for them. Enter the desired frequency and select
the wavelength. Click on Calculate and the optimum length for that combination will be
displayed in feet, inches and fractions of inches, and in meters. To optimize the
antenna for a frequency RANGE, do the calculations twice, once for the low end of
the range and once for the high end; then average the two and plan to adjust the
VSWR on both ends of the range as needed.

Cliff Wagoner, W3ZL

Carolina DX Association

218 Ohenry Ave.

Davidson, NC 28036

Carolina DX Association

218 Ohenry Ave.

Davidson, NC 28036